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PCA6416A Datasheet

16-bit I2C-bus/SMBus I/O expander

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PCA6416A
Low-voltage translating 16-bit I2C-bus/SMBus I/O expander
with interrupt output, reset, and configuration registers
Rev. 2. — 10 January 2013
Product data sheet
1. General description
The PCA6416A is a 16-bit general purpose I/O expander that provides remote I/O
expansion for most microcontroller families via the I2C-bus interface.
NXP I/O expanders provide a simple solution when additional I/Os are needed while
keeping interconnections to a minimum, for example, in battery-powered mobile
applications for interfacing to sensors, push buttons, keypad, etc. In addition to providing
a flexible set of GPIOs, it simplifies interconnection of a processor running at one voltage
level to I/O devices operating at a different (usually higher) voltage level. The PCA6416A
has built-in level shifting feature that makes these devices extremely flexible in mixed
signal environments where communication between incompatible I/O voltages is required.
Its wide VDD range of 1.65 V to 5.5 V on the dual power rail allows seamless
communications with next-generation low voltage microprocessors and microcontrollers
on the interface side (SDA/SCL) and peripherals at a higher voltage on the port side.
There are two supply voltages for PCA6416A: VDD(I2C-bus) and VDD(P). VDD(I2C-bus)
provides the supply voltage for the interface at the master side (for example, a
microcontroller) and the VDD(P) provides the supply for core circuits and Port P. The
bidirectional voltage level translation in the PCA6416A is provided through VDD(I2C-bus).
VDD(I2C-bus) should be connected to the VDD of the external SCL/SDA lines. This indicates
the VDD level of the I2C-bus to the PCA6416A. The voltage level on Port P of the
PCA6416A is determined by the VDD(P).
The PCA6416A register set consists of four pairs of 8-bit Configuration, Input, Output, and
Polarity Inversion registers.
At power-on, the I/Os are configured as inputs. However, the system master can enable
the I/Os as either inputs or outputs by writing to the I/O configuration bits. The data for
each input or output is kept in the corresponding input or output register. The polarity of
the Input Port register can be inverted with the Polarity Inversion register, saving external
logic gates.
The system master can reset the PCA6416A in the event of a time-out or other improper
operation by asserting a LOW in the RESET input. The power-on reset puts the registers
in their default state and initializes the I2C-bus/SMBus state machine. The RESET pin
causes the same reset/initialization to occur without depowering the part.
The PCA6416A open-drain interrupt (INT) output is activated when any input state differs
from its corresponding Input Port register state and is used to indicate to the system
master that an input state has changed.


NXP Semiconductors Electronic Components Datasheet

PCA6416A Datasheet

16-bit I2C-bus/SMBus I/O expander

No Preview Available !

NXP Semiconductors
PCA6416A
Low-voltage translating 16-bit I2C-bus/SMBus I/O expander
INT can be connected to the interrupt input of a microcontroller. By sending an interrupt
signal on this line, the remote I/O can inform the microcontroller if there is incoming data
on its ports without having to communicate via the I2C-bus. Thus, the PCA6416A can
remain a simple slave device.
The device Port P outputs have 25 mA sink capabilities for directly driving LEDs while
consuming low device current.
One hardware pin (ADDR) can be used to program and vary the fixed I2C-bus address
and allow up to two devices to share the same I2C-bus or SMBus.
2. Features and benefits
I2C-bus to parallel port expander
Operating power supply voltage range of 1.65 V to 5.5 V
Allows bidirectional voltage-level translation and GPIO expansion between:
1.8 V SCL/SDA and 1.8 V, 2.5 V, 3.3 V or 5 V Port P
2.5 V SCL/SDA and 1.8 V, 2.5 V, 3.3 V or 5 V Port P
3.3 V SCL/SDA and 1.8 V, 2.5 V, 3.3 V or 5 V Port P
5 V SCL/SDA and 1.8 V, 2.5 V, 3.3 V or 5 V Port P
Low standby current consumption:
1.5 A typical at 5 V VDD
1.0 A typical at 3.3 V VDD
Schmitt-trigger action allows slow input transition and better switching noise immunity
at the SCL and SDA inputs
Vhys = 0.18 V (typical) at 1.8 V
Vhys = 0.25 V (typical) at 2.5 V
Vhys = 0.33 V (typical) at 3.3 V
Vhys = 0.5 V (typical) at 5 V
5 V tolerant I/O ports
Active LOW reset input (RESET)
Open-drain active LOW interrupt output (INT)
400 kHz Fast-mode I2C-bus
Input/Output Configuration register
Polarity Inversion register
Internal power-on reset
Power-up with all channels configured as inputs
No glitch on power-up
Noise filter on SCL/SDA inputs
Latched outputs with 25 mA drive maximum capability for directly driving LEDs
Latch-up performance exceeds 100 mA per JESD 78, Class II
ESD protection exceeds JESD 22
2000 V Human-Body Model (A114-A)
1000 V Charged-Device Model (C101)
Packages offered: TSSOP24, HWQFN24, VFBGA24
PCA6416A
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 10 January 2013
© NXP B.V. 2013. All rights reserved.
2 of 42


Part Number PCA6416A
Description 16-bit I2C-bus/SMBus I/O expander
Maker NXP
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