32 kHz watch circuit with programmable adaptive motor pulse
Rev. 9 — 24 November 2011
Product data sheet
1. General description
The PCA2000 and PCA2001 are CMOS1 integrated circuits for battery operated wrist
watches with a 32 kHz quartz crystal as timing element and a bipolar 1 Hz stepping motor.
The quartz crystal oscillator and the frequency divider are optimized for minimum power
consumption. A timing accuracy of 1 ppm is achieved with a programmable, digital
To obtain the minimum overall power consumption for the watch, an automatic motor
pulse adaptation function is provided. The circuit supplies only the minimum drive current,
which is necessary to ensure a correct motor step. Changing the drive current of the
motor is achieved by chopping the motor pulse with a variable duty cycle. The pulse width
and the range of the variable duty cycle can be programmed to suit different types of
motors. The automatic pulse adaptation scheme is based on a safe dynamic detection of
successful motor steps.
A pad RESET is provided (used for stopping the motor) for accurate time setting and for
accelerated testing of the watch.
The PCA2000 has a battery End Of Life (EOL) warning function. If the battery voltage
drops below the EOL threshold voltage (which can be programmed for silver oxide or
lithium batteries), the motor steps change from one pulse per second to a burst of four
pulses every 4 seconds.
The PCA2001 uses the same circuit as the PCA2000, but without the EOL function.
2. Features and benefits
Amplitude-regulated 32 kHz quartz crystal oscillator, with excellent frequency stability
and high immunity to leakage currents
Electrically programmable time calibration with 1 ppm resolution stored in One Time
Programmable (OTP) memory
The quartz crystal is the only external component connected
Very low power consumption, typical 90 nA
One second output pulses for bipolar stepping motor
Minimum power consumption for the entire watch, due to self adaptation of the motor
drive according to the required torque
Reliable step detection circuit
Motor pulse width, pulse modulation, and pulse adaptation range programmable in a
wide range, stored in OTP memory
Stop function for accurate time setting and power saving during shelf life
1. The definition of the abbreviations and acronyms used in this data sheet can be found in Section 15.