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Xicor
Xicor


X1227

Real Time Clock/Calendar/CPU Supervisor with EEPROM


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X1227 pdf
New Features
Repetitive Alarms &
Temperature Compensation
4K (512 x 8)
X1227
2-WireRTC
Real Time Clock/Calendar/CPU Supervisor with EEPROM
FEATURES
• Real Time Clock/Calendar
— Tracks time in Hours, Minutes, and Seconds
— Day of the Week, Day, Month, and Year
• 2 Polled Alarms (Non-volatile)
— Settable on the Second, Minute, Hour, Day of the
Week, Day, or Month
— Repeat Mode (periodic interrupts)
• Oscillator Compensation on chip
— Internal feedback resistor and compensation
capacitors
— 64 position Digitally Controlled Trim Capacitor
— 6 digital frequency adjustment settings to ±30ppm
• CPU Supervisor Functions
— Power On Reset, Low Voltage Sense
— Watchdog Timer (SW Selectable: 0.25s, 0.75s,
1.75s, off)
• Battery Switch or Super Cap Input
• 4K x 8 Bits of EEPROM
— 64-Byte Page Write Mode
— 8 modes of Block Lock™ Protection
— Single Byte Write Capability
• High Reliability
— Data Retention: 100 years
— Endurance: 100,000 cycles per byte
• 2-Wire™ Interface interoperable with I2C*
— 400kHz data transfer rate
• Low Power CMOS
— 1.25µA Operating Current (Typical)
• Small Package Options
— 8-Lead SOIC and 8-Lead TSSOP
APPLICATIONS
• Utility Meters
• HVAC Equipment
• Audio / Video Components
• Set Top Box / Television
• Modems
• Network Routers, Hubs, Switches, Bridges
• Cellular Infrastructure Equipment
• Fixed Broadband Wireless Equipment
• Pagers / PDA
• POS Equipment
• Test Meters / Fixtures
• Office Automation (Copiers, Fax)
• Home Appliances
• Computer Products
• Other Industrial / Medical / Automotive
DESCRIPTION
The X1227 device is a Real Time Clock with clock/
calendar, two polled alarms with integrated 512x8
EEPROM, oscillator compensation, CPU Supervisor
(POR/LVS and WDT) and battery backup switch.
The oscillator uses an external, low-cost 32.768kHz
crystal. All compensation and trim components are
integrated on the chip. This eliminates several external
discrete components and a trim capacitor, saving
board area and component cost.
BLOCK DIAGRAM
32.768kHz
X1
X2
OSC
Compensation
Oscillator
Frequency 1Hz
Divider
Timer
Calendar
Logic
Time
Keeping
Registers
(SRAM)
Battery
Switch
Circuitry
VCC
VBACK
SCL
SDA
Serial
Interface
Decoder
RESET
Control
Decode
Logic
8
Control/
Registers
(EEPROM)
Status
Registers
(SRAM)
Alarm
Watchdog
Timer
Low Voltage
Reset
Compare
Alarm Regs
(EEPROM)
4K
EEPROM
ARRAY
*I2C is a Trademark of Philips.
REV 1.1.20 1/13/03
www.xicor.com
Characteristics subject to change without notice. 1 of 28



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X1227 pdf
X1227
DESCRIPTION (continued)
The Real-Time Clock keeps track of time with separate
registers for Hours, Minutes, Seconds. The Calendar
has separate registers for Date, Month, Year and Day-
of-week. The calendar is correct through 2099, with
automatic leap year correction.
The powerful Dual Alarms can be set to any Clock/
Calendar value for a match. For instance, every
minute, every Tuesday, or 5:23 AM on March 21. The
alarms can be polled in the Status Register. There is a
repeat mode for the alarms allowing a periodic
interrupt.
The X1227 device integrates CPU Supervisor func-
tions and a Battery Switch. There is a Power-On Reset
(RESET output) with typically 250 ms delay from power
on. It will also assert RESET when Vcc goes below the
specified threshold. The Vtrip threshold is user repro-
grammable. There is a WatchDog Timer (WDT) with 3
selectable time-out periods (0.25s, 0.75s, 1.75s) and a
disabled setting. The watchdog activates the RESET
pin when it expires.
The device offers a backup power input pin. This
VBACK pin allows the device to be backed up by battery
or SuperCap. The entire X1227 device is fully
operational from 2.7 to 5.5 volts and the clock/calendar
portion of the X1227 device remains fully operational
down to 1.8 volts (Standby Mode).
The X1227 device provides 4K bits of EEPROM with 8
modes of BlockLock™ control. The BlockLock allows a
safe, secure memory for critical user and configuration
data, while allowing a large user storage area.
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
X1
X2
RESET
VSS
X1227
8-Pin SOIC
18
27
36
45
VCC
VBACK
SCL
SDA
VBACK
VCC
X1
X2
X1227
8-Pin TSSOP
18
27
36
45
SCL
SDA
VSS
RESET
NC = No internal connection
Serial Clock (SCL)
The SCL input is used to clock all data into and out of
the device. The input buffer on this pin is always active
(not gated).
Serial Data (SDA)
SDA is a bidirectional pin used to transfer data into and
out of the device. It has an open drain output and may
be wire ORed with other open drain or open collector
outputs. The input buffer is always active (not gated).
An open drain output requires the use of a pull-up
resistor. The output circuitry controls the fall time of the
output signal with the use of a slope controlled pull-
down. The circuit is designed for 400kHz 2-wire inter-
face speeds.
VBACK
This input provides a backup supply voltage to the
device. VBACK supplies power to the device in the
event the VCC supply fails. This pin can be connected
to a battery, a Supercap or tied to ground if not used.
RESET Output – RESET
This is a reset signal output. This signal notifies a host
processor that the watchdog time period has expired or
that the voltage has dropped below a fixed VTRIP thresh-
old. It is an open drain active LOW output. Recom-
mended value for the pullup resistor is 5K Ohms. If
unused, tie to ground.
X1, X2
The X1 and X2 pins are the input and output,
respectively, of an inverting amplifier. An external
32.768kHz quartz crystal is used with the X1227 to
supply a timebase for the real time clock. The
recommended crystal is a Citizen CFS206-32.768KDZF.
Internal compensation circuitry is included to form a
complete oscillator circuit. Care should be taken in the
placement of the crystal and the layout of the circuit.
Plenty of ground plane around the device and short
traces to X1 and X2 are highly recommended. See
Application section for more recommendations.
Figure 1. Recommended Crystal connection
X1
X2
REV 1.1.20 1/13/03
www.xicor.com
Characteristics subject to change without notice. 2 of 28



Part Number X1227
Description Real Time Clock/Calendar/CPU Supervisor with EEPROM
Maker Xicor - Xicor
Total Page 28 Pages
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