High Power Factor LED Replacement T8 Fluorescent Tube
using the AL9910 High Voltage LED Controller
Yong Ang, Diodes Inc.
This application note describes the principles and design equations required for the design of a high
brightness LED lamp using the AL9910. The equations are then used to demonstrate the design of a
universal, offline, high power factor (PF), 13W LED lamp suitable for use as the replacement for T8
fluorescent tube. A complete design including the electrical diagram, component list and performance
measurements are provided.
AL9910 high power factor buck LED driver
Figure 1 Electrical schematic of a high power factor 13W LED lamp
Figure 1 shows the electrical diagram of an offline 13W LED driver.
On the input side, CX1, CX2, CX3, CX4, L1 and L2 provide sufficient filtering for both differential mode
and common mode EMI noise which are generated by the switching converter circuit.
The rectified AC line voltage from the bridge rectifier DB1 is then fed into a passive power factor
correction or valley fill circuit which consists of 3 diodes and 2 capacitors. D1, D2, D3, C1, C2 improve
the input line current distortion in order to achieve PF greater than 0.9 for the AC line input.
The constant current regulator section consists of a buck converter driven by the AL9910. Normally,
the buck regulator is used in fixed frequency mode but its duty cycle limitation of 50% is not practical
for offline lamp. This problem can be overcome by changing the control method to a fixed off-time
The design of the internal oscillator in the AL9910 allows the IC to be configured for either fixed
frequency or fixed off-time based on how resistor RT is connected. For fixed off-time operation, the
resistor RT is connected between the Gate and ROSC pins, as shown in Figure 1. This converter has
now a constant off-time when the power MOSFET is turned off. The on-time is based on the current
Issue 1 – January 2011
© Diodes Incorporated 2010