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Analog Devices Semiconductor Electronic Components Datasheet



AD640

DC-Coupled Demodulating 120 MHz Logarithmic Amplifier


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AD640 pdf
a
DC-Coupled Demodulating
120 MHz Logarithmic Amplifier
AD640*
FEATURES
Complete, Fully Calibrated Monolithic System
Five Stages, Each Having 10 dB Gain, 350 MHz BW
Direct Coupled Fully Differential Signal Path
Logarithmic Slope, Intercept and AC Response are
Stable Over Full Military Temperature Range
Dual Polarity Current Outputs Scaled 1 mA/Decade
Voltage Slope Options (1 V/Decade, 100 mV/dB, etc.)
Low Power Operation (Typically 220 mW at ؎5 V)
Low Cost Plastic Packages Also Available
APPLICATIONS
Radar, Sonar, Ultrasonic and Audio Systems
Precision Instrumentation from DC to 120 MHz
Power Measurement with Absolute Calibration
Wide Range High Accuracy Signal Compression
Alternative to Discrete and Hybrid IF Strips
Replaces Several Discrete Log Amp ICs
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The AD640 is a complete monolithic logarithmic amplifier. A single
AD640 provides up to 50 dB of dynamic range for frequencies
from dc to 120 MHz. Two AD640s in cascade can provide up to
95 dB of dynamic range at reduced bandwidth. The AD640 uses a
successive detection scheme to provide an output current propor-
tional to the logarithm of the input voltage. It is laser calibrated to
close tolerances and maintains high accuracy over the full military
temperature range using supply voltages from ±4.5 V to ± 7.5 V.
The AD640 comprises five cascaded dc-coupled amplifier/limiter
stages, each having a small signal voltage gain of 10 dB and a –3 dB
bandwidth of 350 MHz. Each stage has an associated full-wave
detector, whose output current depends on the absolute value of its
input voltage. The five outputs are summed to provide the video
output (when low-pass filtered) scaled at 1 mA per decade (50 µA
per dB). On chip resistors can be used to convert this output cur-
rent to a voltage with several convenient slope options. A balanced
signal output at +50 dB (referred to input) is provided to operate
AD640s in cascade.
The logarithmic response is absolutely calibrated to within ±1 dB
for dc or square wave inputs from ± 0.75 mV to ± 200 mV, with
an intercept (logarithmic offset) at 1 mV dc. An integral X10
attenuator provides an alternative input range of ± 7.5 mV to
± 2 V dc. Scaling is also guaranteed for sinusoidal inputs.
The AD640B is specified for the industrial temperature range of
–40°C to +85°C and the AD640T, available processed to MIL-
STD-883B, for the military range of –55°C to +125°C. Both are
available in 20-lead side-brazed ceramic DIPs or leadless chip
carriers (LCC). The AD640J is specified for the commercial
temperature range of 0°C to +70°C, and is available in both
20-lead plastic DIP (N) and PLCC (P) packages.
This device is now available to Standard Military Drawing
(DESC) number 5962-9095501MRA and 5962-9095501M2A.
PRODUCT HIGHLIGHTS
1. Absolute calibration of a wideband logarithmic amplifier is
unique. The AD640 is a high accuracy measurement device,
not simply a logarithmic building block.
2. Advanced design results in unprecedented stability over the
full military temperature range.
3. The fully differential signal path greatly reduces the risk of
instability due to inadequate power supply decoupling and
shared ground connections, a serious problem with com-
monly used unbalanced designs.
4. Differential interfaces also ensure that the appropriate ground
connection can be chosen for each signal port. They further
increase versatility and simplify applications. The signal input
impedance is ~500 kin shunt with ~2 pF.
5. The dc-coupled signal path eliminates the need for numerous
interstage coupling capacitors and simplifies logarithmic
conversion of subsonic signals.
(continued on page 4)
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
COM 18
RG1 1kRG0 1kRG2
17 16 15
LOG OUT LOG COM
14 13
INTERCEPT POSITIONING BIAS
12 +VS
ATN OUT 19
SIG +IN 20
SIG –IN 1
ATN LO 2
ATN COM 3
ATN COM 4
27
30
FULL-WAVE
DETECTOR
10dB
AMPLIFIER/LIMITER
270
5
ATN IN
6
BL1
*Protected under U.S. patent number 4,990,803.
FULL-WAVE
DETECTOR
FULL-WAVE
DETECTOR
FULL-WAVE
DETECTOR
FULL-WAVE
DETECTOR
10dB
10dB
10dB
10dB
AMPLIFIER/LIMITER AMPLIFIER/LIMITER AMPLIFIER/LIMITER AMPLIFIER/LIMITER
GAIN BIAS REGULATOR
7 SLOPE BIAS REGULATOR
–VS
11 SIG +OUT
10 SIG –OUT
9 BL2
8 ITC
REV. C
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its
use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties
which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or
otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 781/329-4700 World Wide Web Site: http://www.analog.com
Fax: 781/326-8703
© Analog Devices, Inc., 1999



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AD640 pdf
AD640–SPECIFICATIONS
DC SPECIFICATIONS (VS = ؎5 V, TA = +25؇C, unless otherwise noted)
Model
Parameter
TRANSFER FUNCTION1
SIGNAL INPUTS (Pins 1, 20)
Input Resistance
Input Offset Voltage
vs. Temperature
Over Temperature
vs. Supply
Input Bias Current
Input Bias Offset
Common-Mode Range
INPUT ATTENUATOR
(Pins 2, 3, 4, 5 and 19)
Attenuation2
Input Resistance
SIGNAL OUTPUT (Pins 10, 11)
Small Signal Gain3
Peak Differential Output4
Output Resistance
Quiescent Output Voltage
LOGARITHMIC OUTPUT5 (Pin 14)
Voltage Compliance Range
Slope Current, IY
Accuracy vs. Temperature
Accuracy vs. Supply
Intercept Voltage6, VX
vs. Temperature
Over Temperature
vs. Supply
Logarithmic Offset
(Alt. Definition of VX)
vs. Temperature
Over Temperature
vs. Supply
Intercept Voltage Using Attenuator
Zero Signal Output Current7
ITC Disabled
Maximum Output Current
APPLICATIONS RESISTORS
(Pins 15, 16, 17)
DC LINEARITY
VIN ±1 mV to ± 100 mV
TOTAL ABSOLUTE DC
ACCURACY
VIN = ± 1 mV to ±100 mV8
Over Temperature
Over Supply Range
VIN = ± 0.75 mV to ±200 mV
Using Attenuator
VIN = ± 10 mV to ± 1 V
Over Temperature
VIN = ± 7.5 mV to 2 V
POWER REQUIREMENTS
Voltage Supply Range
Quiescent Current9
+VS (Pin 12)
–VS (Pin 7)
Conditions
Differential
Differential
TMIN to TMAX
AD640J
Min Typ Max
AD640B
Min Typ Max
AD640T
Min Typ Max
IOUT = IY LOG |VIN/VX| for VIN = ± 0.75 mV to ± 200 mV dc
500
50 500
0.8
2
7
1
–2
25
+0.3 –2
500
50 200
0.8
2
7 25
1
+0.3 –2
500
50 200
0.8
300
2
7 25
1
+0.3
Pin 5 to Pin 19
Pins 5 to 3/4
20
300
20
300
20
300
Either Pin to COM
Either Pin to COM
50
± 180
75
–90
50
± 180
75
–90
50
± 180
75
–90
TMIN to TMAX
+VS = 4.5 V to 7.5 V
TMIN to TMAX
±VS = 4.5 V to 7.5 V
TMIN to TMAX
±VS = 4.5 V to 7.5 V
Pin 8 to COM
–0.3 +VS –1 –0.3
0.95 1.00 1.05 0.98
0.002
0.08 1.0
0.85 1.00 1.15
0.5
0.95
2
1.00
0.002
0.08
1.00
0.5
2
+VS –1
1.02
0.4
1.05
–0.3
0.98
0.98
0.95
0.90
–61.5 –60.0 –58.7 –60.5 –60.0 –59.5
0.004
0.004
0.017
8.25 10.0 11.75 9.0
–0.2
–0.27
2.3
0.017
10.0
–0.2
–0.27
2.3
11.0
–60.5
–60.9
9.0
1.00
0.002
0.08
1.00
0.5
2
VS –1
1.02
1.02
0.4
1.05
1.10
–60.0
0.004
0.017
10.0
–0.2
–0.27
2.3
–59.5
–59.1
11.0
1.000
0.995 1.000 1.005 0.995 1.000 1.005
0.35 1.2
0.35 0.6
0.35 0.6
TMIN to TMAX
±VS = 4.5 V to 7.5 V
TMIN to TMAX
0.55 2
3
2
1.0 3
0.4 2.5
0.6 3
1.2 3.5
0.55 0.9
1.7
1.0
1.0 2.0
0.4 1.5
0.6 2.0
1.2 2.5
0.55 0.9
1.8
1.0
1.0 2.0
0.4 1.5
0.6 2.0
1.2 2.5
TMIN to TMAX
TMIN to TMAX
؎4.5
9
35
؎7.5 ؎4.5
15 9
60 35
؎7.5
15
60
؎4.5
9
35
؎7.5
15
60
Units
k
µV
µV/°C
µV
µV/V
µA
µA
V
dB
dB
mV
mV
V
mA
%/°C
mA
%/V
mV
µV/°C
mV
µV/V
dBV
dB/°C
dB
dB/V
mV
mA
mA
mA
k
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
V
mA
mA
–2– REV. C



Part Number AD640
Description DC-Coupled Demodulating 120 MHz Logarithmic Amplifier
Maker Analog Devices - Analog Devices
Total Page 16 Pages
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