120 MHz Logarithmic Amplifier
Complete, Fully Calibrated Monolithic System
Five Stages, Each Having 10 dB Gain, 350 MHz BW
Direct Coupled Fully Differential Signal Path
Logarithmic Slope, Intercept and AC Response are
Stable Over Full Military Temperature Range
Dual Polarity Current Outputs Scaled 1 mA/Decade
Voltage Slope Options (1 V/Decade, 100 mV/dB, etc.)
Low Power Operation (Typically 220 mW at ؎5 V)
Low Cost Plastic Packages Also Available
Radar, Sonar, Ultrasonic and Audio Systems
Precision Instrumentation from DC to 120 MHz
Power Measurement with Absolute Calibration
Wide Range High Accuracy Signal Compression
Alternative to Discrete and Hybrid IF Strips
Replaces Several Discrete Log Amp ICs
The AD640 is a complete monolithic logarithmic amplifier. A single
AD640 provides up to 50 dB of dynamic range for frequencies
from dc to 120 MHz. Two AD640s in cascade can provide up to
95 dB of dynamic range at reduced bandwidth. The AD640 uses a
successive detection scheme to provide an output current propor-
tional to the logarithm of the input voltage. It is laser calibrated to
close tolerances and maintains high accuracy over the full military
temperature range using supply voltages from ±4.5 V to ± 7.5 V.
The AD640 comprises five cascaded dc-coupled amplifier/limiter
stages, each having a small signal voltage gain of 10 dB and a –3 dB
bandwidth of 350 MHz. Each stage has an associated full-wave
detector, whose output current depends on the absolute value of its
input voltage. The five outputs are summed to provide the video
output (when low-pass filtered) scaled at 1 mA per decade (50 µA
per dB). On chip resistors can be used to convert this output cur-
rent to a voltage with several convenient slope options. A balanced
signal output at +50 dB (referred to input) is provided to operate
AD640s in cascade.
The logarithmic response is absolutely calibrated to within ±1 dB
for dc or square wave inputs from ± 0.75 mV to ± 200 mV, with
an intercept (logarithmic offset) at 1 mV dc. An integral X10
attenuator provides an alternative input range of ± 7.5 mV to
± 2 V dc. Scaling is also guaranteed for sinusoidal inputs.
The AD640B is specified for the industrial temperature range of
–40°C to +85°C and the AD640T, available processed to MIL-
STD-883B, for the military range of –55°C to +125°C. Both are
available in 20-lead side-brazed ceramic DIPs or leadless chip
carriers (LCC). The AD640J is specified for the commercial
temperature range of 0°C to +70°C, and is available in both
20-lead plastic DIP (N) and PLCC (P) packages.
This device is now available to Standard Military Drawing
(DESC) number 5962-9095501MRA and 5962-9095501M2A.
1. Absolute calibration of a wideband logarithmic amplifier is
unique. The AD640 is a high accuracy measurement device,
not simply a logarithmic building block.
2. Advanced design results in unprecedented stability over the
full military temperature range.
3. The fully differential signal path greatly reduces the risk of
instability due to inadequate power supply decoupling and
shared ground connections, a serious problem with com-
monly used unbalanced designs.
4. Differential interfaces also ensure that the appropriate ground
connection can be chosen for each signal port. They further
increase versatility and simplify applications. The signal input
impedance is ~500 kΩ in shunt with ~2 pF.
5. The dc-coupled signal path eliminates the need for numerous
interstage coupling capacitors and simplifies logarithmic
conversion of subsonic signals.
(continued on page 4)
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
RG1 1k⍀ RG0 1k⍀ RG2
17 16 15
LOG OUT LOG COM
INTERCEPT POSITIONING BIAS
ATN OUT 19
SIG +IN 20
SIG –IN 1
ATN LO 2
ATN COM 3
ATN COM 4
*Protected under U.S. patent number 4,990,803.
AMPLIFIER/LIMITER AMPLIFIER/LIMITER AMPLIFIER/LIMITER AMPLIFIER/LIMITER
GAIN BIAS REGULATOR
7 SLOPE BIAS REGULATOR
11 SIG +OUT
10 SIG –OUT
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