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Microchip Technology
Microchip Technology

PIC16F684 Datasheet

8-Bit CMOS Microcontrollers


PIC16F684 Datasheet Preview


PIC16F684
Data Sheet
14-Pin, Flash-Based 8-Bit
CMOS Microcontrollers
with nanoWatt Technology
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41202F
Page 1

Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices:
• Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet.
• Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the
intended manner and under normal conditions.
• There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our
knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data
Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property.
• Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code.
• Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not
mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.”
Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our
products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts
allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act.
Information contained in this publication regarding device
applications and the like is provided only for your convenience
and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to
ensure that your application meets with your specifications.
MICROCHIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR
WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WHETHER EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, STATUTORY OR
OTHERWISE, RELATED TO THE INFORMATION,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ITS CONDITION,
QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Microchip disclaims all liability
arising from this information and its use. Use of Microchip
devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at
the buyer’s risk, and the buyer agrees to defend, indemnify and
hold harmless Microchip from any and all damages, claims,
suits, or expenses resulting from such use. No licenses are
conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip
intellectual property rights.
Trademarks
The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, Accuron,
dsPIC, KEELOQ, KEELOQ logo, microID, MPLAB, PIC,
PICmicro, PICSTART, PRO MATE, PowerSmart, rfPIC, and
SmartShunt are registered trademarks of Microchip
Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries.
AmpLab, FilterLab, Linear Active Thermistor, Migratable
Memory, MXDEV, MXLAB, PS logo, SEEVAL, SmartSensor
and The Embedded Control Solutions Company are
registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A.
Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, CodeGuard,
dsPICDEM, dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, ECAN,
ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, FlexROM, fuzzyLAB,
In-Circuit Serial Programming, ICSP, ICEPIC, Mindi, MiWi,
MPASM, MPLAB Certified logo, MPLIB, MPLINK, PICkit,
PICDEM, PICDEM.net, PICLAB, PICtail, PowerCal,
PowerInfo, PowerMate, PowerTool, REAL ICE, rfLAB,
rfPICDEM, Select Mode, Smart Serial, SmartTel, Total
Endurance, UNI/O, WiperLock and ZENA are trademarks of
Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other
countries.
SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A.
All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their
respective companies.
© 2007, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the
U.S.A., All Rights Reserved.
Printed on recycled paper.
Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 certification for its worldwide
headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and
Tempe, Arizona, Gresham, Oregon and Mountain View, California. The
Company’s quality system processes and procedures are for its PIC®
MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs, KEELOQ® code hopping devices, Serial
EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and analog
products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design and
manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified.
DS41202F-page ii
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Page 2

PIC16F684
14-Pin Flash-Based, 8-Bit CMOS Microcontrollers with nanoWatt Technology
High-Performance RISC CPU:
Low-Power Features:
• Only 35 instructions to learn:
- All single-cycle instructions except branches
• Operating speed:
- DC – 20 MHz oscillator/clock input
- DC – 200 ns instruction cycle
• Interrupt capability
• 8-level deep hardware stack
• Direct, Indirect and Relative Addressing modes
Special Microcontroller Features:
• Precision Internal Oscillator:
- Factory calibrated to ±1%, typical
- Software selectable frequency range of
8 MHz to 125 kHz
- Software tunable
- Two-Speed Start-up mode
- Crystal fail detect for critical applications
- Clock mode switching during operation for
power savings
• Software Selectable 31 kHz Internal Oscillator
• Power-Saving Sleep mode
• Wide operating voltage range (2.0V-5.5V)
• Industrial and Extended Temperature range
• Power-on Reset (POR)
• Power-up Timer (PWRT) and Oscillator Start-up
Timer (OST)
• Brown-out Reset (BOR) with software control
option
• Enhanced low-current Watchdog Timer (WDT)
with on-chip oscillator (software selectable
nominal 268 seconds with full prescaler) with
software enable
• Multiplexed Master Clear with pull-up/input pin
• Programmable code protection
• High Endurance Flash/EEPROM cell:
- 100,000 write Flash endurance
- 1,000,000 write EEPROM endurance
- Flash/Data EEPROM retention: > 40 years
• Standby Current:
- 50 nA @ 2.0V, typical
• Operating Current:
- 11 μA @ 32 kHz, 2.0V, typical
- 220 μA @ 4 MHz, 2.0V, typical
• Watchdog Timer Current:
- 1 μA @ 2.0V, typical
Peripheral Features:
• 12 I/O pins with individual direction control:
- High current source/sink for direct LED drive
- Interrupt-on-change pin
- Individually programmable weak pull-ups
- Ultra Low-Power Wake-Up (ULPWU)
• Analog Comparator module with:
- Two analog comparators
- Programmable on-chip voltage reference
(CVREF) module (% of VDD)
- Comparator inputs and outputs externally
accessible
• A/D Converter:
- 10-bit resolution and 8 channels
• Timer0: 8-bit timer/counter with 8-bit
programmable prescaler
• Enhanced Timer1:
- 16-bit timer/counter with prescaler
- External Timer1 Gate (count enable)
- Option to use OSC1 and OSC2 in LP mode
as Timer1 oscillator if INTOSC mode
selected
• Timer2: 8-bit timer/counter with 8-bit period
register, prescaler and postscaler
• Enhanced Capture, Compare, PWM module:
- 16-bit Capture, max resolution 12.5 ns
- Compare, max resolution 200 ns
- 10-bit PWM with 1, 2 or 4 output channels,
programmable “dead time”, max frequency
20 kHz
• In-Circuit Serial ProgrammingTM (ICSPTM) via two
pins
Device
PIC16F684
Program
Memory
Flash
(words)
2048
Data Memory
SRAM
EEPROM
I/O
10-bit A/D
(ch)
Comparators
(bytes)
(bytes)
128
256 12
8
2
Timers
8/16-bit
2/1
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41202F-page 1
Page 3

PIC16F684
14-Pin Diagram (PDIP, SOIC, TSSOP)
VDD
RA5/T1CKI/OSC1/CLKIN
RA4/AN3/T1G/OSC2/CLKOUT
RA3/MCLR/VPP
RC5/CCP1/P1A
RC4/C2OUT/P1B
RC3/AN7/P1C
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
VSS
RA0/AN0/C1IN+/ICSPDAT/ULPWU
RA1/AN1/C1IN-/VREF/ICSPCLK
RA2/AN2/T0CKI/INT/C1OUT
RC0/AN4/C2IN+
RC1/AN5/C2IN-
RC2/AN6/P1D
TABLE 1: DUAL IN-LINE PIN SUMMARY
I/O Pin Analog Comparators Timer
CCP
RA0 13
AN0
C1IN+
RA1 12 AN1/VREF
C1IN-
RA2 11
RA3(1) 4
AN2
C1OUT
T0CKI
RA4 3
AN3
— T1G —
RA5 2
T1CKI
RC0 10
AN4
C2IN+
RC1
9
AN5
C2IN-
RC2
8
AN6
— P1D
RC3
7
AN7
— P1C
RC4
6
C2OUT
P1B
RC5
5
— — CCP1/P1A
—1
— ——
— 14
— ——
Note 1: Input only.
2: Only when pin is configured for external MCLR.
Interrupts Pull-ups
Basic
IOC
IOC
INT/IOC
IOC
IOC
IOC
Y ICSPDAT/ULPWU
Y ICSPCLK
Y—
Y(2) MCLR/VPP
Y OSC2/CLKOUT
Y OSC1/CLKIN
——
——
——
——
——
——
— VDD
— VSS
DS41202F-page 2
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Page 4
Part Number PIC16F684
Manufactur Microchip Technology
Description 8-Bit CMOS Microcontrollers
Total Page 30 Pages
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