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Microchip Technology

16F887 Datasheet


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Data Sheet
28/40/44-Pin, Enhanced Flash-Based 8-Bit
CMOS Microcontrollers with
nanoWatt Technology
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Page 1

Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices:
www.DMatiacrSohceheipt4pUro.cdoumcts meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet.
• Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the
intended manner and under normal conditions.
• There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our
knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data
Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property.
• Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code.
• Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not
mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.”
Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our
products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts
allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act.
Information contained in this publication regarding device
applications and the like is provided only for your convenience
and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to
ensure that your application meets with your specifications.
FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Microchip disclaims all liability
arising from this information and its use. Use of Microchip
devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at
the buyer’s risk, and the buyer agrees to defend, indemnify and
hold harmless Microchip from any and all damages, claims,
suits, or expenses resulting from such use. No licenses are
conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip
intellectual property rights.
The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, Accuron,
PICmicro, PICSTART, PRO MATE, PowerSmart, rfPIC, and
SmartShunt are registered trademarks of Microchip
Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries.
AmpLab, FilterLab, Linear Active Thermistor, Migratable
Memory, MXDEV, MXLAB, PS logo, SEEVAL, SmartSensor
and The Embedded Control Solutions Company are
registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A.
Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, CodeGuard,
dsPICDEM,, dsPICworks, ECAN,
ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, FlexROM, fuzzyLAB,
In-Circuit Serial Programming, ICSP, ICEPIC, Mindi, MiWi,
MPASM, MPLAB Certified logo, MPLIB, MPLINK, PICkit,
PICDEM,, PICLAB, PICtail, PowerCal,
PowerInfo, PowerMate, PowerTool, REAL ICE, rfLAB,
rfPICDEM, Select Mode, Smart Serial, SmartTel, Total
Endurance, UNI/O, WiperLock and ZENA are trademarks of
Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other
SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A.
All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their
respective companies.
© 2007, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the
U.S.A., All Rights Reserved.
Printed on recycled paper.
Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 certification for its worldwide
headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and
Tempe, Arizona, Gresham, Oregon and Mountain View, California. The
Company’s quality system processes and procedures are for its PIC®
MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs, KEELOQ® code hopping devices, Serial
EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and analog
products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design and
manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified.
DS41291D-page ii
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
Page 2
28/40/44-Pin Flash-Based, 8-Bit CMOS Microcontrollers with
nanoWatt Technology
High-Performance RISC CPU:
• Only 35 instructions to learn:
- All single-cycle instructions except branches
• Operating speed:
- DC – 20 MHz oscillator/clock input
- DC – 200 ns instruction cycle
• Interrupt capability
• 8-level deep hardware stack
• Direct, Indirect and Relative Addressing modes
Special Microcontroller Features:
• Precision Internal Oscillator:
- Factory calibrated to ±1%
- Software selectable frequency range of
8 MHz to 31 kHz
- Software tunable
- Two-Speed Start-up mode
- Crystal fail detect for critical applications
- Clock mode switching during operation for
power savings
• Power-Saving Sleep mode
• Wide operating voltage range (2.0V-5.5V)
• Industrial and Extended Temperature range
• Power-on Reset (POR)
• Power-up Timer (PWRT) and Oscillator Start-up
Timer (OST)
• Brown-out Reset (BOR) with software control
• Enhanced low-current Watchdog Timer (WDT)
with on-chip oscillator (software selectable
nominal 268 seconds with full prescaler) with
software enable
• Multiplexed Master Clear with pull-up/input pin
• Programmable code protection
• High Endurance Flash/EEPROM cell:
- 100,000 write Flash endurance
- 1,000,000 write EEPROM endurance
- Flash/Data EEPROM retention: > 40 years
• Program memory Read/Write during run time
• In-Circuit Debugger (on board)
Low-Power Features:
• Standby Current:
- 50 nA @ 2.0V, typical
• Operating Current:
- 11 μA @ 32 kHz, 2.0V, typical
- 220 μA @ 4 MHz, 2.0V, typical
• Watchdog Timer Current:
- 1 μA @ 2.0V, typical
Peripheral Features:
• 24/35 I/O pins with individual direction control:
- High current source/sink for direct LED drive
- Interrupt-on-Change pin
- Individually programmable weak pull-ups
- Ultra Low-Power Wake-up (ULPWU)
• Analog Comparator module with:
- Two analog comparators
- Programmable on-chip voltage reference
(CVREF) module (% of VDD)
- Fixed voltage reference (0.6V)
- Comparator inputs and outputs externally
- SR Latch mode
- External Timer1 Gate (count enable)
• A/D Converter:
- 10-bit resolution and 11/14 channels
• Timer0: 8-bit timer/counter with 8-bit
programmable prescaler
• Enhanced Timer1:
- 16-bit timer/counter with prescaler
- External Gate Input mode
- Dedicated low-power 32 kHz oscillator
• Timer2: 8-bit timer/counter with 8-bit period
register, prescaler and postscaler
• Enhanced Capture, Compare, PWM+ module:
- 16-bit Capture, max. resolution 12.5 ns
- Compare, max. resolution 200 ns
- 10-bit PWM with 1, 2 or 4 output channels,
programmable “dead time”, max. frequency
20 kHz
- PWM output steering control
• Capture, Compare, PWM module:
- 16-bit Capture, max. resolution 12.5 ns
- 16-bit Compare, max. resolution 200 ns
- 10-bit PWM, max. frequency 20 kHz
• Enhanced USART module:
- Supports RS-485, RS-232, and LIN 2.0
- Auto-Baud Detect
- Auto-Wake-Up on Start bit
• In-Circuit Serial ProgrammingTM (ICSPTM) via two
• Master Synchronous Serial Port (MSSP) module
supporting 3-wire SPI (all 4 modes) and I2C™
Master and Slave Modes with I2C address mask
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS41291D-page 1
Page 3
Part Number 16F887
Manufactur Microchip Technology
Description PIC16F887
Total Page 70 Pages
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