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STMicroelectronics
STMicroelectronics

VNH3SP30-E Datasheet

AUTOMOTIVE FULLY INTEGRATED H-BRIDGE MOTOR DRIVER


VNH3SP30-E Datasheet Preview


VNH3SP30-E
Automotive fully integrated H-bridge motor driver
Features
www.DataSheet4U.com Type
VNH3SP30-E
RDS(on)
45mmax
(per leg)
Iout Vccmax
30A 40V
Output current: 30A
5V logic level compatible inputs
Undervoltage and overvoltage shutdown
Overvoltage clamp
Thermal shut down
Cross-conduction protection
Linear current limiter
Very low standby power consumption
PWM operation up to 10 kHz
Protection against loss of ground and loss of
VCC
Package: ECOPACK®
Description
The VNH3SP30-E is a full-bridge motor driver
intended for a wide range of automotive
applications. The device incorporates a dual
monolithic high-side driver (HSD) and two low-
side switches. The HSD switch is designed using
STMicroelectronics proprietary VIPower™ M0-3
technology that efficiently integrates a true Power
MOSFET with an intelligent signal/protection
circuit on the same die.
MultiPowerSO-30
The low-side switches are vertical MOSFETs
manufactured using STMicroelectronics
proprietary EHD (“STripFET™”) process.The
three circuits are assembled in a MultiPowerSO-
30 package on electrically isolated lead frames.
This package, specifically designed for the harsh
automotive environment, offers improved thermal
performance thanks to exposed die pads.
Moreover, its fully symmetrical mechanical design
provides superior manufacturability at board level.
The input signals INA and INB can directly
interface with the microcontroller to select the
motor direction and the brake condition. Pins
DIAGA/ENA or DIAGB/ENB, when connected to an
external pull-up resistor, enable one leg of the
bridge. They also provide a feedback digital
diagnostic signal. The normal condition operation
is explained in The speed of the motor can be
controlled in all possible conditions by the PWM
up to kHz. In all cases, a low level state on the
PWM pin will turn off both the LSA and LSB
switches. When PWM rises to a high level, LSA or
LSB turn on again depending on the input pin
state.
Table 1. Device summary
Package
MultiPowerSO-30
Tube
VNH3SP30-E
Tape & reel
VNH3SP30TR-E
November 2007
Rev 6
1/33
www.st.com
33
Page 1

Contents
Contents
VNH3SP30-E
1
2
www.DataSheet4U.com
3
4
5
6
Block diagram and pins description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Electrical specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.1 Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.2 Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.3 Electrical characteristics curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Application information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3.1 Reverse battery protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.2 Open load detection in Off mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.3 Test mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Package and PCB thermal data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
4.1 MultiPowerSO-30 thermal data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
4.1.1
Thermal calculation in clockwise and anti-clockwise operation in steady-
state mode 26
4.1.2
Thermal resistances definition
(values according to the PCB heatsink area) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
4.1.3 Thermal calculation in transient mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
4.1.4
Single pulse thermal impedance definition
(values according to the PCB heatsink area) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Package and packing information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
5.1 ECOPACK® packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
5.2 MultiPowerSO-30 package mechanical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
5.3 Packing information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
2/33
Page 2

VNH3SP30-E
List of tables
List of tables
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
Table 6.
Table 7.
www.DataSheet4UT.caobmle 8.
Table 9.
Table 10.
Table 11.
Table 12.
Table 13.
Table 14.
Table 15.
Table 16.
Table 17.
Device summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Block description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pin definitions and functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Pin functions description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Power section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Logic inputs (INA, INB, ENA, ENB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
PWM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Switching (VCC = 13V, RLOAD = 1.1, unless otherwise specified) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Protection and diagnostic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Truth table in normal operating conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Truth table in fault conditions (detected on OUTA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Electrical transient requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Thermal calculation in clockwise and anti-clockwise operation in steady-state mode . . . . 26
Thermal parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
MultiPowerSO-30 mechanical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Document revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
3/33
Page 3

List of figures
List of figures
VNH3SP30-E
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
Figure 7.
www.DataSheet4UF.ciogmure 8.
Figure 9.
Figure 10.
Figure 11.
Figure 12.
Figure 13.
Figure 14.
Figure 15.
Figure 16.
Figure 17.
Figure 18.
Figure 19.
Figure 20.
Figure 21.
Figure 22.
Figure 23.
Figure 24.
Figure 25.
Figure 26.
Figure 27.
Figure 28.
Figure 29.
Figure 30.
Figure 31.
Figure 32.
Figure 33.
Figure 34.
Figure 35.
Figure 36.
Figure 37.
Figure 38.
Figure 39.
Figure 40.
Figure 41.
Figure 42.
Figure 43.
Figure 44.
Figure 45.
Figure 46.
Figure 47.
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Configuration diagram (top view) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Current and voltage conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Definition of the delay times measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Definition of the low side switching times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Definition of the high side switching times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
On state supply current. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Off state supply current. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
High level input current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Input clamp voltage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Input high level voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Input low level voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Input hysteresis voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
High level enable pin current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Delay time during change of operation mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Enable clamp voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
High level enable voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Low level enable voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
PWM high level voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
PWM low level voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
PWM high level current. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Overvoltage shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Undervoltage shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Current limitation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
On state high side resistance vs Tcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
On state low side resistance vs Tcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
On state high side resistance vs Vcc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
On state low side resistance vs Vcc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Output voltage rise time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Output voltage fall time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Enable output low level voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
ON state leg resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Typical application circuit for DC to 10 kHz PWM operation short circuit protection . . . . . 20
Half-bridge configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Multi-motors configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Waveforms in full bridge operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Waveforms in full bridge operation (continued) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
MultiPowerSO-30™ PC board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Chipset configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Auto and mutual Rthj-amb vs PCB copper area in open box free air condition . . . . . . . . . 25
MultiPowerSO-30 HSD thermal impedance junction ambient single pulse . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
MultiPowerSO-30 LSD thermal impedance junction ambient single pulse . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Thermal fitting model of an H-bridge in MultiPowerSO-30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
MultiPowerSO-30 package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
MultiPowerSO-30 suggested pad layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
MultiPowerSO-30 tube shipment (no suffix) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
MultiPowerSO-30 tape and reel shipment (suffix “TR”) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
4/33
Page 4
Part Number VNH3SP30-E
Manufactur STMicroelectronics
Description AUTOMOTIVE FULLY INTEGRATED H-BRIDGE MOTOR DRIVER
Total Page 33 Pages
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