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LM324N Datasheet

Single Supply Quad Operational Amplifiers


LM324N Datasheet Preview


LM324, LM324A, LM224,
LM2902, LM2902V, NCV2902
Single Supply Quad
Operational Amplifiers
The LM324 series are low–cost, quad operational amplifiers with
true differential inputs. They have several distinct advantages over
standard operational amplifier types in single supply applications. The
quad amplifier can operate at supply voltages as low as 3.0 V or as
high as 32 V with quiescent currents about one–fifth of those
associated with the MC1741 (on a per amplifier basis). The common
mode input range includes the negative supply, thereby eliminating the
necessity for external biasing components in many applications. The
output voltage range also includes the negative power supply voltage.
Short Circuited Protected Outputs
True Differential Input Stage
Single Supply Operation: 3.0 V to 32 V (LM224, LM324, LM324A)
Low Input Bias Currents: 100 nA Maximum (LM324A)
Four Amplifiers Per Package
Internally Compensated
Common Mode Range Extends to Negative Supply
Industry Standard Pinouts
ESD Clamps on the Inputs Increase Ruggedness without Affecting
Device Operation
MAXIMUM RATINGS (TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
Rating
Symbol
LM224
LM324,
LM324A
LM2902,
LM2902V
Unit
Power Supply Voltages
Single Supply
Split Supplies
Input Differential Voltage
Range (Note 1)
VCC
VCC, VEE
VIDR
32
±16
±32
Vdc
26
±13
±26 Vdc
Input Common Mode
Voltage Range
VICR
–0.3 to 32 –0.3 to 26 Vdc
Output Short Circuit
Duration
tSC
Continuous
Junction Temperature
Storage Temperature
Range
Operating Ambient
Temperature Range
LM224
LM324, 324A
LM2902
LM2902V, NCV2902
1. Split Power Supplies.
TJ 150 °C
Tstg
–65 to +150
°C
TA °C
–25 to +85
0 to +70
–40 to +105
–40 to +125
http://onsemi.com
14
1
14
1
PDIP–14
N SUFFIX
CASE 646
SO–14
D SUFFIX
CASE 751A
14 TSSOP–14
DTB SUFFIX
CASE 948G
1
PIN CONNECTIONS
Out 1 1
2
Inputs 1 3 *)1
VCC 4
Inputs 2
5
6
)*2
Out 2 7
14 Out 4
13
4*) 12
Inputs 4
11 VEE, Gnd
3)*
10
9
Inputs 3
8 Out 3
(Top View)
ORDERING INFORMATION
See detailed ordering and shipping information in the package
dimensions section on page 9 of this data sheet.
DEVICE MARKING INFORMATION
See general marking information in the device marking
section on page 10 of this data sheet.
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2002
May, 2002 – Rev. 8
1
Publication Order Number:
LM324/D
Page 1

LM324, LM324A, LM224, LM2902, LM2902V, NCV2902
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = 5.0 V, VEE = Gnd, TA = 25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
LM224
LM324A
LM324
LM2902
LM2902V/NCV2902
Characteristics
Symbol Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Unit
Input Offset Voltage
VCC = 5.0 V to 30 V
(26 V for LM2902, V),
VICR = 0 V to
VCC –1.7 V,
VO = 1.4 V, RS = 0
TA = 25°C
TA = Thigh (Note 2)
TA = Tlow (Note 2)
VIO
mV
– 2.0 5.0 – 2.0 3.0 – 2.0 7.0 – 2.0 7.0 – 2.0 7.0
– – 7.0 – – 5.0 – – 9.0 – – 10 – – 13
– – 7.0 – – 5.0 – – 9.0 – – 10 – – 10
Average Temperature VIO/T – 7.0 – – 7.0 30 – 7.0 – – 7.0 – – 7.0 – µV/°C
Coefficient of Input
Offset Voltage
TA = Thigh to Tlow
(Notes 2 and 4)
Input Offset Current
TA = Thigh to Tlow
(Note 2)
IIO – 3.0 30 – 5.0 30 – 5.0 50 – 5.0 50 – 5.0 50 nA
– – 100 – – 75 – – 150 – – 200 – – 200
Average Temperature
IIO/T –
10
– 10 300 – 10
– 10
– 10
– pA/°C
Coefficient of Input
Offset Current
TA = Thigh to Tlow
(Notes 2 and 4)
Input Bias Current
TA = Thigh to Tlow
(Note 2)
IIB – –90 –150 – –45 –100 – –90 –250 – –90 –250 – –90 –250 nA
– – –300 – – –200 – – –500 – – –500 – – –500
Input Common Mode
Voltage Range
(Note 3)
VICR
V
VCC = 30 V
(26 V for LM2902, V)
TA = +25°C
TA = Thigh to Tlow
(Note 2)
0 – 28.3 0 – 28.3 0 – 28.3 0 – 24.3 0 – 24.3
0 – 28 0 – 28 0 – 28 0 – 24 0 – 24
Differential Input
Voltage Range
VIDR – – VCC – – VCC – – VCC – – VCC – – VCC V
Large Signal Open
Loop Voltage Gain
RL = 2.0 k,
VCC = 15 V,
for Large VO Swing
TA = Thigh to Tlow
(Note 2)
AVOL
V/mV
50 100 – 25 100 – 25 100 – 25 100 – 25 100 –
25 –
– 15 –
– 15 –
– 15 –
– 15 –
Channel Separation
10 kHz f 20 kHz,
Input Referenced
CS
– –120 –
– –120 –
– –120 –
– –120 –
– –120 –
dB
Common Mode
Rejection,
RS 10 k
CMR 70 85 – 65 70 – 65 70 – 50 70 – 50 70 – dB
Power Supply
Rejection
PSR 65 100 – 65 100 – 65 100 – 50 100 – 50 100 –
dB
2. LM224: Tlow = –25°C, Thigh = +85°C
LM324/LM324A: Tlow = 0°C, Thigh = +70°C
LM2902: Tlow = –40°C, Thigh = +105°C
LM2902V & NCV2902: Tlow = –40°C, Thigh = +125°C
NCV2902 is qualified for automotive use.
3. The input common mode voltage or either input signal voltage should not be allowed to go negative by more than 0.3 V. The upper end of
the common mode voltage range is VCC –1.7 V.
4. Guaranteed by design.
http://onsemi.com
2
Page 2

LM324, LM324A, LM224, LM2902, LM2902V, NCV2902
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = 5.0 V, VEE = Gnd, TA = 25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
LM224
LM324A
LM324
LM2902
LM2902V/NCV2902
Characteristics
Symbol Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Min Typ Max Unit
Output Voltage–
High Limit
VOH
(TA = Thigh to Tlow)
(Note 5)
VCC = 5.0 V, RL =
2.0 k, TA = 25°C
3.3 3.5
VCC = 30 V
(26 V for LM2902, V),
26 –
RL = 2.0 k
VCC = 30 V
(26 V for LM2902, V),
27 28
RL = 10 k
– 3.3 3.5
– 26 –
– 27 28
– 3.3 3.5
– 26 –
– 27 28
– 3.3 3.5
– 22 –
– 23 24
– 3.3 3.5
– 22 –
– 23 24
V
Output Voltage –
Low Limit,
VCC = 5.0 V,
RL = 10 k,
TA = Thigh to Tlow
(Note 5)
VOL – 5.0 20 – 5.0 20 – 5.0 20 – 5.0 100 – 5.0 100 mV
Output Source Current
(VID = +1.0 V,
IO +
mA
VCC = 15 V)
TA = 25°C
20 40
– 20 40
– 20 40
– 20 40
– 20 40
TA = Thigh to Tlow
10 20
– 10 20
– 10 20
– 10 20
– 10 20
(Note 5)
Output Sink Current
(VID = –1.0 V,
VCC = 15 V)
TA = 25°C
TA = Thigh to Tlow
(Note 5)
(VID = –1.0 V,
VO = 200 mV,
TA = 25°C)
Output Short Circuit
to Ground
(Note 6)
IO – mA
10 20
– 10 20
– 10 20
– 10 20
– 10 20
5.0 8.0
12 50
– 5.0 8.0
– 12 50
– 5.0 8.0
– 12 50
– 5.0 8.0
–– –
– 5.0 8.0
–– –
µA
ISC – 40 60 – 40 60 – 40 60 – 40 60 – 40 60 mA
Power Supply Current
(TA = Thigh to Tlow)
(Note 5)
VCC = 30 V
(26 V for LM2902, V),
VO = 0 V, RL =
VCC = 5.0 V,
VO = 0 V, RL =
ICC
mA
– – 3.0 – 1.4 3.0 – – 3.0 – – 3.0 – – 3.0
– – 1.2 – 0.7 1.2 – – 1.2 – – 1.2 – – 1.2
5. LM224: Tlow = –25°C, Thigh = +85°C
LM324/LM324A: Tlow = 0°C, Thigh = +70°C
LM2902: Tlow = –40°C, Thigh = +105°C
LM2902V & NCV2902: Tlow = –40°C, Thigh = +125°C
NCV2902 is qualified for automotive use.
6. The input common mode voltage or either input signal voltage should not be allowed to go negative by more than 0.3 V. The upper end of
the common mode voltage range is VCC –1.7 V.
http://onsemi.com
3
Page 3

LM324, LM324A, LM224, LM2902, LM2902V, NCV2902
Q15
Q16
Q19
5.0 pF
+
Inputs
Q18
- Q17
Q2
Q3
Q20
Q21
Q5
Q4
Q6 Q7
Q8
Q26
Q9
Q14
40 k
Q13
Q12
25
Q11
Q10
Output
Bias Circuitry
Common to Four
Amplifiers
Q22
VCC
Q24
Q23
Q25
Q1 2.4 k
2.0 k
VEE/Gnd
Figure 1. Representative Circuit Diagram
(One–Fourth of Circuit Shown)
http://onsemi.com
4
Page 4
Part Number LM324N
Manufactur ON Semiconductor
Description Single Supply Quad Operational Amplifiers
Total Page 12 Pages
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