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ATMEL Corporation
ATMEL Corporation

ATMEGA8L-8PU Datasheet

8-bit AVR Microcontroller with 8K Bytes In-System Programmable Flash


ATMEGA8L-8PU Datasheet Preview


Features
High-performance, Low-power AVR® 8-bit Microcontroller
Advanced RISC Architecture
– 130 Powerful Instructions – Most Single-clock Cycle Execution
– 32 x 8 General Purpose Working Registers
– Fully Static Operation
– Up to 16 MIPS Throughput at 16 MHz
– On-chip 2-cycle Multiplier
Nonvolatile Program and Data Memories
– 8K Bytes of In-System Self-Programmable Flash
Endurance: 10,000 Write/Erase Cycles
– Optional Boot Code Section with Independent Lock Bits
In-System Programming by On-chip Boot Program
True Read-While-Write Operation
www.DataSheet4U51.c2omBytes EEPROM
Endurance: 100,000 Write/Erase Cycles
– 1K Byte Internal SRAM
– Programming Lock for Software Security
Peripheral Features
– Two 8-bit Timer/Counters with Separate Prescaler, one Compare Mode
– One 16-bit Timer/Counter with Separate Prescaler, Compare Mode, and Capture
Mode
– Real Time Counter with Separate Oscillator
– Three PWM Channels
– 8-channel ADC in TQFP and MLF package
Six Channels 10-bit Accuracy
Two Channels 8-bit Accuracy
– 6-channel ADC in PDIP package
Four Channels 10-bit Accuracy
Two Channels 8-bit Accuracy
– Byte-oriented Two-wire Serial Interface
– Programmable Serial USART
– Master/Slave SPI Serial Interface
– Programmable Watchdog Timer with Separate On-chip Oscillator
– On-chip Analog Comparator
Special Microcontroller Features
– Power-on Reset and Programmable Brown-out Detection
– Internal Calibrated RC Oscillator
– External and Internal Interrupt Sources
– Five Sleep Modes: Idle, ADC Noise Reduction, Power-save, Power-down, and
Standby
I/O and Packages
– 23 Programmable I/O Lines
– 28-lead PDIP, 32-lead TQFP, and 32-pad MLF
Operating Voltages
– 2.7 - 5.5V (ATmega8L)
– 4.5 - 5.5V (ATmega8)
Speed Grades
– 0 - 8 MHz (ATmega8L)
– 0 - 16 MHz (ATmega8)
Power Consumption at 4 Mhz, 3V, 25°C
– Active: 3.6 mA
– Idle Mode: 1.0 mA
– Power-down Mode: 0.5 µA
8-bit
with 8K Bytes
In-System
Programmable
Flash
ATmega8
ATmega8L
Rev. 2486M–AVR–12/03
Page 1

Pin Configurations
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2 ATmega8(L)
PDIP
(RESET) PC6
(RXD) PD0
(TXD) PD1
(INT0) PD2
(INT1) PD3
(XCK/T0) PD4
VCC
GND
(XTAL1/TOSC1) PB6
(XTAL2/TOSC2) PB7
(T1) PD5
(AIN0) PD6
(AIN1) PD7
(ICP1) PB0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
28 PC5 (ADC5/SCL)
27 PC4 (ADC4/SDA)
26 PC3 (ADC3)
25 PC2 (ADC2)
24 PC1 (ADC1)
23 PC0 (ADC0)
22 GND
21 AREF
20 AVCC
19 PB5 (SCK)
18 PB4 (MISO)
17 PB3 (MOSI/OC2)
16 PB2 (SS/OC1B)
15 PB1 (OC1A)
TQFP Top View
(INT1) PD3
(XCK/T0) PD4
GND
VCC
GND
VCC
(XTAL1/TOSC1) PB6
(XTAL2/TOSC2) PB7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
24 PC1 (ADC1)
23 PC0 (ADC0)
22 ADC7
21 GND
20 AREF
19 ADC6
18 AVCC
17 PB5 (SCK)
MLF Top View
(INT1) PD3
(XCK/T0) PD4
GND
VCC
GND
VCC
(XTAL1/TOSC1) PB6
(XTAL2/TOSC2) PB7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
24 PC1 (ADC1)
23 PC0 (ADC0)
22 ADC7
21 GND
20 AREF
19 ADC6
18 AVCC
17 PB5 (SCK)
2486M–AVR–12/03
Page 2

Overview
Block Diagram
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2486M–AVR–12/03
ATmega8(L)
The ATmega8 is a low-power CMOS 8-bit microcontroller based on the AVR RISC
architecture. By executing powerful instructions in a single clock cycle, the ATmega8
achieves throughputs approaching 1 MIPS per MHz, allowing the system designer to
optimize power consumption versus processing speed.
Figure 1. Block Diagram
RESET
VCC
PC0 - PC6
PB0 - PB7
XTAL1
XTAL2
PORTC DRIVERS/BUFFERS
PORTB DRIVERS/BUFFERS
GND
PORTC DIGITAL INTERFACE
PORTB DIGITAL INTERFACE
AGND
AREF
MUX &
ADC
ADC
INTERFACE
PROGRAM
COUNTER
STACK
POINTER
PROGRAM
FLASH
SRAM
INSTRUCTION
REGISTER
INSTRUCTION
DECODER
CONTROL
LINES
AVR CPU
GENERAL
PURPOSE
REGISTERS
X
Y
Z
ALU
STATUS
REGISTER
PROGRAMMING
LOGIC
SPI
+ COMP.
- INTERFACE
TWI
TIMERS/
COUNTERS
OSCILLATOR
INTERNAL
OSCILLATOR
WATCHDOG
TIMER
MCU CTRL.
& TIMING
INTERRUPT
UNIT
OSCILLATOR
EEPROM
USART
PORTD DIGITAL INTERFACE
PORTD DRIVERS/BUFFERS
PD0 - PD7
3
Page 3

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Disclaimer
The AVR core combines a rich instruction set with 32 general purpose working registers.
All the 32 registers are directly connected to the Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU), allowing
two independent registers to be accessed in one single instruction executed in one clock
cycle. The resulting architecture is more code efficient while achieving throughputs up to
ten times faster than conventional CISC microcontrollers.
The ATmega8 provides the following features: 8K bytes of In-System Programmable
Flash with Read-While-Write capabilities, 512 bytes of EEPROM, 1K byte of SRAM, 23
general purpose I/O lines, 32 general purpose working registers, three flexible
Timer/Counters with compare modes, internal and external interrupts, a serial program-
mable USART, a byte oriented Two-wire Serial Interface, a 6-channel ADC (eight
channels in TQFP and MLF packages) where four (six) channels have 10-bit accuracy
and two channels have 8-bit accuracy, a programmable Watchdog Timer with Internal
Oscillator, an SPI serial port, and five software selectable power saving modes. The Idle
mode stops the CPU while allowing the SRAM, Timer/Counters, SPI port, and interrupt
system to continue functioning. The Power-down mode saves the register contents but
freezes the Oscillator, disabling all other chip functions until the next Interrupt or Hard-
ware Reset. In Power-save mode, the asynchronous timer continues to run, allowing the
user to maintain a timer base while the rest of the device is sleeping. The ADC Noise
Reduction mode stops the CPU and all I/O modules except asynchronous timer and
ADC, to minimize switching noise during ADC conversions. In Standby mode, the crys-
tal/resonator Oscillator is running while the rest of the device is sleeping. This allows
very fast start-up combined with low-power consumption.
The device is manufactured using Atmel’s high density non-volatile memory technology.
The Flash Program memory can be reprogrammed In-System through an SPI serial
interface, by a conventional non-volatile memory programmer, or by an On-chip boot
program running on the AVR core. The boot program can use any interface to download
the application program in the Application Flash memory. Software in the Boot Flash
Section will continue to run while the Application Flash Section is updated, providing
true Read-While-Write operation. By combining an 8-bit RISC CPU with In-System Self-
Programmable Flash on a monolithic chip, the Atmel ATmega8 is a powerful microcon-
troller that provides a highly-flexible and cost-effective solution to many embedded
control applications.
The ATmega8 AVR is supported with a full suite of program and system development
tools, including C compilers, macro assemblers, program debugger/simulators, In-Cir-
cuit Emulators, and evaluation kits.
Typical values contained in this datasheet are based on simulations and characteriza-
tion of other AVR microcontrollers manufactured on the same process technology. Min
and Max values will be available after the device is characterized.
4 ATmega8(L)
2486M–AVR–12/03
Page 4
Part Number ATMEGA8L-8PU
Manufactur ATMEL Corporation
Description 8-bit AVR Microcontroller with 8K Bytes In-System Programmable Flash
Total Page 70 Pages
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