The CE, OE, WE and NE inputs control the X20C05
operation. The X20C05 byte-wide NOVRAM uses a
2-line control architecture to eliminate bus contention in
a system environment. The I/O bus will be in a high
impedance state when either OE or CE is HIGH, or
when NE is LOW.
RAM read and write operations are performed as they
would be with any static RAM. A read operation requires
CE and OE to be LOW with WE and NE HIGH. A write
operation requires CE and WE to be LOW with NE
HIGH. There is no limit to the number of read or write
operations performed to the RAM portion of the X20C05.
MEMORY TRANSFER OPERATIONS
There are two memory transfer operations: a recall
operation whereby the data stored in the E2PROM array
is transferred to the RAM array; and a store operation
which causes the entire contents of the RAM array to be
stored in the E2PROM array.
Recall operations are performed automatically upon
power-up and under host system control when NE, OE
and CE are LOW and WE is HIGH. The recall operation
takes a maximum of 5µs.
There are two methods of initiating a store operation.
The first is the software store command. This command
takes the place of the hardware store employed on the
X20C04. This command is issued by entering into the
special command mode: NE, CE, and WE strobe LOW
while at the same time a specific address and data
combination is sent to the device. This is a three step
operation: the first address/data combination is
155[H]/AA[H]; the second combination is 0AA[H]/55[H];
and the final command combination is 155[H]/33[H].
This sequence of pseudo write operations will immedi-
ately initiate a store operation. Refer to the software
command timing diagrams for details on set and hold
times for the various signals.
The second method of storing data is through the
AUTOSTORE command. When enabled, data is auto-
matically stored from the RAM into the E2PROM array
whenever VCC falls below the preset AUTOSTORE
threshold. This feature is enabled by performing the first
two steps for the software store with the command
combination being 155[H]/CC[H].
The AUTOSTORE feature is disabled by issuing the
three step command sequence with the command com-
bination being 155[H]/CD[H]. The AUTOSTORE feature
will also be reset if VCC falls below the power-up reset
threshold (approximately 3.5V) and is then raised back
into the operating range.
The X20C05 supports two methods of protecting the
—If after power-up the AUTOSTORE feature is not
enabled, no AUTOSTORE can occur.
—If after power-up no RAM write operations have oc-
curred no store operation can be initiated. The software
store and AUTOSTORE commands will be ignored.